The wine in Ancient Greece
There is information that lead us to conclude that the winemaker was in Egypt before 4000 BC : Report royal vineyards and performances in the walls depict scenes from the wine art and wine or even grape varieties. Around 1700, in Mesopotamia, the Babylonian king Hammurabi laws adopted specifically for the sale price of wine!
But soon the fame of the great winemakers passed to the Phoenicians and the Greeks. The soil and climatic conditions have allowed to happen, since the vineyard gave the best varieties in Mediterranean climates. The Phoenicians were famous even in the wine trade since Phoenician krasoamforeis found in every region of eastern and central Mediterranean.
Thus, the Greeks knew and wine, at least before 1700 BC since both the Mycenaeans, and by earlier peoples and Cycladic Minoans had developed trade relations with them.
According to some researchers, the first vines were growing in Crete, while others in Thrace and dated around 1000 BC In Crete Aharnes indeed been found and rescued the oldest wine press in the world. Whatever the case, the Greeks excelled in winemaking, almost monopolizing the market for centuries.
The export trade of Greek wines were very well organized and spread across the Mediterranean to the Iberian peninsula and of course the Black Sea. In return for wine and oil are imported Greek foods and gold from Egypt and the Black Sea, copper from Syria and Cyprus, ivory from Africa. He was one of the most important economic activity, which is evidenced by the number of coins depicting grapes on one side and Dionysus on the other.
|In many cities, especially, there were special laws to ensure the quality of the wine and protect the healthy vintner. In ancient shipwrecks still found jars carrying the wine markets of that era and even bore the place of production. Wine as we would say today "designation of origin".
Besides, the wine laws of Thassos in the 5th century BC is one of the most ancient texts on the protection of Wine Appellation of Origin. So many foreign wine vessels approaching the island, confiscated!
From various sources we have preserved the names of wine regions and wines that was produced. Initially, the most famous wines are exported at that time were those of the northern Aegean. The famous Ariousios wine of Chios, the Lesbian with intense flavors, and "hypnotic" Thasos was the most expensive wines in the 4th century. Later, after the classical era, became very famous and very fine wines of Rhodes, Kos and other Dodecanese, sweets and soft Thera, Crete and Cyprus.
The way the wine production did not differ significantly from that of our confirmation. Balance viticulture days had reached high levels and many were the philosophers who deposited their knowledge on the subject in literature, as in Theophrastus "On Plants Causes, Pliny in "Natural History". So take a number of interesting information, this example that the Greeks cultivated the vine down to earth without supports. The crushing or bruising the grapes were or hands, after their locks removed (stems) or walk a winepress (presses). This mode lasts for centuries and only in recent years begun to use mechanical presses. An organized winery during the Hellenistic period it housed a Linos for pressing grapes, a repository of grapes ( stafylodocheion), and at least one pair of presses for extruding marc.
The ancient Greeks, people and rulers, philosophers and almost all the streams from the Presocratics and the Idealists (Plato, Socrates, etc.) to assist them, loved wine, while the poets have not failed to praise.
Homer σin his Odyssey describes many scenes of wine drinking and the "Iliad" tells about the shield of Achilles is decorated with a grape harvest scene Euripides in satirical drama
"Cyclops" (stich. 616-624) says that Odysseus Polyphemus drunk with strong ( Wine Maroneios) , which gave the priest Maron and blindness.
The Alcaeus, a great lyric poet urges us not to plant more tree than any other single vineyard, 'Mid' in other formerly dendreon planting vines... "
The value of wine mentioned by Plato and Xenophon in their symposium. « Chalepas to men getting drunk » ,ie. « Awesome flaws for people getting drunk (Plat." Symposium "c, 176) and inAthenaeus' at Dipnosofistis», which calls the wine « Wine, the benevolent demon». In the same work, in a passage, Eyboulos (comic poet of the 4th century BC) depicts Dionysus says that wine is essential in humans, but in moderation, because if you drink more then huff.
The symposia also in ancient Greeks, had become an institution, acquired rules and etiquette. Were in the room of the house called "men" and their guests by relying on their left hand lying in couches ... More
The ancient ancestors had a remarkable varieties of special vessels, which are used both for mixing wine, maintaining, and to cool before consumption. So we have:
Dionysus, the god of eternal teenager!
According to Greek mythology was the son of Zeus and Semele, daughter of Kadmou. When the palace of her father was burning, with the intervention of Gaia and rescued, the infant Zeus puts on thigh ... More