Eastern Rumelia was the northern part of Thrace and had an area of 35,615 tm. It extends north from Mount Haemus until the southern Rhodope Mountain and Mount Orbelos west to the Black Sea east. It is the country that the green valleys of the Ebro flows, the son of the Balkan and Rhodope, as he wants the Greek Mythology, and on the banks of which echoed the lyre of Orpheus, the first representative of the god Apollon, the father of the Eleusinian Mysteries.
In Roman times, Eastern Rumelia remains purely Greek, and flourished during the Byzantine era, as it is the bastion of Hellenism in the raids of the Slavs and other peoples descended from the north to plunder the empire.
Remains unchanged during the period of Ottoman rule. The Greeks dominated with an amazing vitality and the Greek cities Anchíalos, Sozopol, Stenimahos, noon and many others are full of life and a major commercial and cultural centers. At the national revolution of 1821, the participation of Eastern Rumelia was widespread and several belonged to the Sacred Band of Ypsilanti. It is known that several activities from noon, Anchialos, which followed the line of the Society of Friends in Odessa, before 1819, as traders Dimitris Konstas, Konstantinos what Nestor etc. In addition, the Metropolitan Anchialos Karavias Eugene, was hanged in Constantinople States with Gregory R and Metropolitan of Ephesus, and Nicomedia at Easter 1821.
But I never managed to gain the release. According to the Berlin Congress (1878) Eastern Rumelia acquires autonomy, under the political and military power of the Sultan.
In 1885 the Bulgarian coup by declaring the union of Eastern Rumelia with Bulgaria. The Bulgarian prince Alexander proclaimed "ruler of both Bulgarian and of course the Great Powers did not react.
In the period 1885-1906 followed by terrible persecutions and massacres of the Greeks, community and private property were trampled and destroyed while starting the organized political assimilation of the Greek population of Eastern Rumelia, culminating in the Holocaust Anhialos on July 30, 1906.
The Greeks left their homes and they come as refugees in liberated Greece. The first massive movement began in 1906 and completed in 1922-1928, after the Treaty of Neuilly.